Thursday, June 16, 2011

Majhi Tribe In Madhya Pradesh

Majhi The term majhi means boatman. The group has synonyms like Mallah,Kewat and Navik...................................................
Reference Books:-
Majumdar, D.N.,"The Racil Basis of Indian Social Structure", Eastern Anthropologost,2(3), 1949, pp.145-52.
K.S. Singh,"The Scheduled Tribe" PEOPLE OF INDIA National series Volume III., Anthropological Survey of India.Ministry of Culture, Governtment of India,.1994 pp,710-711

9 comments:

  1. Yes It is right, Majhi and majhwar both are different tribe in madhyaPradesh................

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  2. THE CENTRAL PROVIENCE
    AND BERAR GAZETTE
    PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY
    NO.13] NAGPUR, FRIDAY, APRIL 1, 1949

    PART I
    ORDERS OF THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT

    Nagpur, the 31st March 1949.
    No. 3662-777-XII—In pursuance of the provisions contained in clause 10 of the Central Proviences States Land Tenure Order,1949, the Proviencial Government are pleased to declare that the tribes specified in the annexed scheduled shall be the aboriginal tribes for the area comprised within the states specified in the First Scheduled to the said Order :--
    SCHEDULE
    1. Agaria, 2. Andh, 3. Arakh, 4. Asur,
    5. Badi, 6. Baiga, 7. Baland, 8. Banjara,
    9. Bhaina 10. Bhaira, 11. Bharia-Bhumiya
    12. Bhattra 13. Bhil 14. Bhuinhar, 15. Bhuiya,
    16. Bhunjia, 17. Bhuyan, 18. Binjhia 19. Bhinjhwar
    20. Birhaur (or Birhor), 21. Bishor, 22. Cherwa,
    23. Chherika, 24. Chik, 25. Chikwa, 26. Chok,
    27. Dewar 28. Dhakad, 29. Dhangad 30. Dhanwar,
    31. Dharkad 32. Dhonkra 33. Dhurwa 34. Doria
    35. Dorihar 36. Dorla 37. Gadba 38. Ganda
    39. Gandwa Ganda 40. Ghansi 41. Ghasia
    42. Gond 43. Gondia, 44. Halba, 45. Jharia,
    46. Jhari Telanga, 47. Jhora 48. Kalga
    49. Kamar 50. Kawar 51. Kewat 52. Khadia
    53. Kharia 54. Kherwar 55. Khikhar 56. Kisan
    57. Koitur, 58. Kol 59. Kolam 60. Koli (Dhimar)
    61. Kondh 62. Korku 63. Korwa 64. Koya,
    65. Kuduk 66. Lania 67. Madia 68. Mahkul
    69. Mahra 70. Majhwar 71. Manjhi 72. Madia
    73. Maria 74. Matkora, 75. Mowar 76. Muria
    77. Nagarchi 78. Nagasia 79. Nagbansi, 80. Nihal
    81. Ojha, 82. Oraon 83. Pab 84. Pabia
    85. Paliha 86. Pando, 87. Panka 88. Pariha,
    89. Parja 90. Pardhan, 91. Patharia, 92. Pobia,
    93. Rautia, 94. Samwatar, 95. Saunta 96. Sawara,
    97. Turi, 98. Turiya, 99. Wade Lohar.

    By order of the Governor, C.P. & Berar,
    N.P. SHRIVASTAVA, Secy.

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  3. The Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India
    By
    R.V. Russell
    Of the Indian Civil Service Superintendent of Ethnography, Central Provinces
    Assisted by
    Rai Bahadur Hira Lāl
    Extra Assistant Commissioner
    Published Under the Orders of the Central Provinces Administration
    In Four Volumes
    Vol. I.
    Macmillan and Co., Limited St. Martin’s Street, London.
    1916

    Kewat (Boatman and fisherman) 422


    Ghughu, Ghughwa.—(Owl.) A section of Gānda, Kawar, Kewat and Panka. Pankas of the Ghughu sept are said to have eaten the leavings of their caste-fellows.

    Karsayāl.—(A deer.) A sept of the Kawar tribe. Also a sept of Ahīr, Bhaina, Dhobi in Chhattīsgarh, Kewat, Lohar and Turi.

    Mānjhi.—(Headman.) A synonym of Santāl and Kewat. A section of Chasa, Dhanuhār and Kolta. A title of Chasa.

    Manjmār.—Term for a boatman. Included in Kewat.

    Blood-covenant—Kewat 2, Khairwār 5

    Exogamous septs or clans—Passim. See especially Bhaina, 3, Brāhman, 8, Chadār, 1, Dahāit, 2, Dāngi, 2, Gond, 12, Gowāri, 3, Halba, 4, Jhādi Telenga, 2, Karan, Katia, 2, Kawar, 3, Kewat, 2, Khond, 3, Korku, 3, Kunbi, 5, Kurmi, 4 and Appendix, Lodhi, 4, Mahār, 5, Marātha, 4, Panwār Rājpūt, 6, Rājpūt, 4, Savar, 3, Intro., 48, 69

    Totem, worship of—Kewat 1
    Totemism—Agharia 2, Andh, Audhelia 2, Barai 2, Basor 3, Bhaina 3, Bharia 2, Bhīl 6, Bhoyar 2, Bhulia, Chadār, Chasa 2, Chauhān, Dahāit 2, Dhanwār 2, Dumāl 2, Gadba 1, Gond 13, 14, Kalanga 2, Kawar 3, Kewat 2, Khadāl, Khadra, Khangār 2, Kharia 4, Khond 3, Kol 9, Kurmi 4, Lodhi 4, Majhwār 4, Oraon 3, Parja 2, Rautia 2, Savar 3, Sudh, Intro. 49, 51

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  4. In MadhyaPrdesh,

    Majhi(Mallah) and Majhwar(Gond Majhwar) both are tribe and both are different. The Mallah (Majhi)
    belongs to Nishad Tribe (Mountain Tribe of Vindhya Range)or Primitive tribe(aboriginal tribe) and Majhwar (Manjhi) belongs to Gond, Munda & Kawar whoes are Dravidian Tribe not Primitive tribe. For this See "Crook 1896" In Which Crook's said They(Majhi-Primitive tribe) must be carefully Distinguished from Dravadian Manjhis (It is a Plural word not a singular word which means whoes Manjhis which has use manjhi word as Leadership or rank such as Gond Majhwar, Majhwar, Santhal, Bhatra, halwa, Barela etc tribes.)

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  5. MADHYAPRADESH


    NISHAD-Sanskrit Word

    MALLAH- Arabi Word

    Majhi-General and Common Word

    Kewat- Synonyms of Majhi

    Majhi(Mallah,Kewat,Navik,Nishad)

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  6. All People of Majhi Communities Read This Judgement Which is Totally Wrong and Full of Political Power against of MadhyapRadesh Majhi........

    GEETA V. STATE OF M.P & ORS [2007] RD-SC 597 (16 May 2007)

    H.K. SEMA & V.S. SIRPURKAR


    H.K.SEMA,J.

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  7. In this Case There is no Social Culture Study Shown by Government for Majhi Tribe.... Only Shows Majhi and Mallah two Different Caste. Whenever Mallah is a Arabic Word which is use by English Writer such as Wiliam Crook 1896, R V Rassel 1916.Mallah is Vindhya Mountain Tribe. In Indian Government order 1950 Majhi decleare ST in only VindhyaPradesh (Satna, Panna, Chhatarpur,Tikamgara,Datiya, Shahdol,Rewa,Sidhi)....Mallah word is Synonyms of Majhi and KewAT IS Subcaste of Majhi See THE CENTRAL PROVIENCE
    AND BERAR GAZETTE
    PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY
    NO.13] NAGPUR, FRIDAY, APRIL 1, 1949

    PART I
    ORDERS OF THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT

    Nagpur, the 31st March 1949.
    No. 3662-777-XII—In pursuance of the provisions contained in clause 10 of the Central Proviences States Land Tenure Order,1949, the Proviencial Government are pleased to declare that the tribes specified in the annexed scheduled shall be the aboriginal tribes for the area comprised within the states specified in the First Scheduled to the said Order.........In This order Manjhi and Kewat (Tribe and Sub tribe Both are listed as aboriginal tribe of Formally MadhyaPradesh ( THE CENTRAL PROVIENCE
    AND BERAR ).....Similar to Binjhwar and Bhinjhia Tribe.......

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  8. According to Government of India, Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Ministry of Social justice & Empowerment, Home Ministry-Registrar General of India, Ministry of Culture-Anthropological Survey of India and Lok Sabha Secretariat New Delhi.....................................

    The majhi of Madhya Pradesh are traditionally a community of boatman and belong to the scheduled tribe category. They are also known by other synonyms such as Mallah, Kewat and Navik. There is a belief in the community that their forefathers once inhabited the banks of Ganges either at Banaras or at Allahabad and later migrated to the district of Shahdol, Rewa, satna, Panna, Chhatarpur and Tikamgarh of Madhya Pradesh. The Total Population according to 1981 census is 11074. Their major economic resource is land and presently their primary occupation is agriculture and agricultural labour. Traditional occupation is Fishing.

    Appendix I of people of India Vol. XI language & Scripts, dealing with the Communities. Language and their Distribution shows that Majhi, a ST Community of Madhya Pradesh speaks Bundelkhandi for ingroup communication and Nepali (Nepali Majhi) as intergroup language (p13-14). They use Devenagri script for writing.

    Appendix V of people of India Vol. IX language & Scripts, details the language spoken for ingroup communication where it mentions that Bundelkhandi/Bundeli is a language of Indo-Aryan subfamily (Central) spread in area of Andhra Pradesh, Gujrat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Utter Pradesh. (p280,354)

    Singh K.S. 1994, People of India, National Series Volume III, The Scheduled Tribes 710-711

    Singh K.S. 1998, People of India, National Series Volume V, All Communities H-M, 2110-2111

    Singh K.S. & Manoharan 1993, People of India, National Series, Volume IX: Language & scripts.....................

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  9. all information is absolutely correct. we have to go in court for this successes.

    ReplyDelete